Internet of Things or IoT technology implies a virtual internet connection from people, processes, animals, things to almost everything. In simpler language, everything in our environment will be capable of automatically communicating without any human to machine or human to human interaction if IoT technology is embedded in them.
For IoT technology to work, a sensor is attached to a device which uses the internet to transfer data. The data can be numbers from a mobile or stationary sensor; example, temperature sensor. The data can even be complex notes from devices that report and measure multiple data streams at once. The IoT technology will collect the data, analyze it and share it to help in making decisions.
For example, if there are chances of a snowfall, and IoT living room will give a warning about the snowfall and make the room warmer. Or, an IoT refrigerator will know when your supplies are over and connect to the grocery to order similar quantity of supplies.
How is IoT technology benefitting industries?
1. Automotive industry
Driverless cars were only a part of our imagination. But with IoT, the dream has come true. With IoT technology, the vehicles can now pick up surrounding information and instruct the driver. For example, parking sensors measure the distance between an object and the car and beep if the car is too near to the object and is about to collide.
The built-in sensors provide data to help drivers avoid collisions and facilitate better car maintenance. Connected cars are able to send data to the manufacturers very fast. This helps the manufacturers to improve their technology to be used in future cars and resolve issues quickly in the present cars. The connected cars enable quick communication between drivers and manufacturers regarding issues in the cars and reminders for maintenance and service.
Due to these sensors, a driver’s role has changed from a driver to a supervisor. The Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) allow the driver to take control over the vehicle after alerting the driver about potential collisions and problems. This ensures better road safety reducing accidents.
These cars are also equipped with technology that records and traces driver behavior, and sends useful data to insurance companies. The data can be used to make better decisions.
Other benefits include: automated emergency calling, family notification of vehicle collision, vehicle maintenance and infotainment (information and entertainment.)
2. Manufacturing industry
The IoT technology in manufacturing industry involves attaching sensors to devices to collect customer data, and embed sensors in the machines increase their efficiency.
The sensors attached to their devices convey to the manufacturers about the usage of their products. A database is formed and based on the database, manufacturers can modify their products. This will ensure better customer care.
Manufacturers also insert sensors in their machine programs. The sensors buzz when a machine is broken is over-functioning or has completed its work. As a result, it is easier to maintain the machines and avoid delays in repairing or servicing. The manufacturers are using this technology to identify possibilities for optimization and analyze processes.
There are delicate machine tools that either function at a specific temperature or under certain vibration. The sensors not only read the vibration or temperature but also send alerts if these parameters function over or under the prescribed levels.
Thus, the IoT technology in manufacturing units prevents breakdown of machinery and ensures efficient production.
3. Medical industry
Using IoT technology doctors can monitor patiently closely and prescribe medication based on the integrated data. If a patient is continuously tracked by sensors, the doctor will have a better idea about their medical condition by examining sensor readings. If a patient is at home, the sensors will tell the doctor about their issue based on which the doctor can prepare for an operation in advance. The doctor can also dispatch an ambulance to the patient’s location.
As there will be no time wasted in diagnosing or examining the patient, the use of this technology in medical industry can be life-saving.
4. Hospitality industry
Hotel industry is using IoT technology to improve travelling experiences of the customers and make their services even more comfortable for the guests. A face detection ID is given to the customers which enables the hotel staff to recognize their customers before their arrival.
There are speculations that hotels will install emotion recognition sensors. For example, if a customer is hungry, the sensors will capture the emotion and suggest them meals. If a guest feels cold, the room temperature will increase automatically.
5. Agricultural industry
IoT farming ensures efficient usage of water. There are sensors attached to water tankers which tell the farmers if the tank has enough water for the crops. The sensors placed in different parts of the farmland read the environmental conditions and lets the farmer know if a particular area needs more attention. The accuracy of humidity level, temperature and rainfall noted by these sensors indicate which crop should be grown to yield maximum produce.
This way, a farmer has more knowledge and is well prepared for any problem. The production is also more and better in quality with lesser investment.